• Latest News

    Tuesday, 2 December 2014

    Salient Feature of Constitution 1973

    Introduction

    The 1973 constitution of Pakistan was adopted on April 12, 1973. This constitution fully represents the ideology and democratic aspiration of the people of Pakistan and constitution is the supreme law of the land and it is considered as an instrument by which a Government can be run. It replaces the basic laws of the state. it decides the attributes of the government and provincial Govt. in constitution is federal cum parliamentary in its characteristics. The constitution of Pakistan is based on principle of tracheotomy of power. It is a social contract which binds people, society and a state to act within the framework of the constitution.

    Sources of Constitution of Pakistan 1973
    The sources of constitution of Pakistan 1973 are as follows;
    • Act of 1935
    • Objective resolution
    • Constitution of 1956
    • Interim constitution of 1972

    Salient Features of Constitution of Pakistan 1973

    Following are the salient features of the constitution of Pakistan 1973

    Written Constitution
    Constitution of Pakistan 1973 is a written constitution. It comprises of 280 Articles. It also contains 6 schedules, which has been divided into 12 parts.

    Rigid Constitution
    The constitution of Pakistan 1973 is rigid because amendment procedure is not easy. This constitution provides that 2/3 majority of votes of members National Assembly and Senate, and assent of President of Pakistan are necessary for its amendment.

    State Religion
    The constitution of Pakistan 1973 announces that Islam would be state religion.

    National Language and Official Language
    In accordance with Article 251 of the present constitution Urdu has been declared as National Language of Pakistan but the official language is English.

    Federal Form of Government
    Constitution of Pakistan 1973 provide federal form of government consisting of four provinces of the central government of Pakistan.

    Parliamentary form of Government
    Parliamentary form of government has been provided for the government in the constitution.

    Direct Elections
    Constitution of Pakistan 1973 has provided method of direct elections to elect members of National Assembly and Provincial Assembly.

    Bi-Cameral Legislature
    The Federal Legislature is bi-cameral consisting two houses. Senate (upper house) and National Assembly (lower House).

    Preamble
    Preamble means an introductory part of statue; it is not the part of the constitution. It is stated in it than sovereignty over entire universe belongs to Almighty Allah.

    Holding of Referendum
    The president of Pakistan is authorized to order for holding a referendum on any issue of national importance.

    Single citizenship
    The constitution of Pakistan 1973 provides single citizenship.

    Independence of Judiciary
    An Independent Judiciary has been provided in 1973 constitution. Judiciary safeguards the fundamental rights of the people of Pakistan.

    Rights of Minorities
    Rights of Minorities have been protected in the 1973 constitution.

    High Treason
    The abrogation of the constitution through unconstitutional means is high treason. It cannot be abrogated by the use of force.

    Final Analysis
    To conclude that the 1973 constitution of Islamic Republic of Pakistan is a democratic state, parliamentary with bicameral legislature in its nature. It is the constitution of elected people. All major political parties of Pakistan unanimously accepted it. Minorities also have safeguard and fundamental rights in such constitution.




    • Blogger Comments
    • Facebook Comments
    Item Reviewed: Salient Feature of Constitution 1973 Rating: 5 Reviewed By: Usman Ali
    Scroll to Top