Cabinet is formulated by the Prime Minister on the advice of the king. All the members of the cabinet are the members of the parliament. In the constitution, there is no legal status of Cabinet. It is only the first of conventions.
The British Cabinet is body which is unrecognized by law. In the British constitution there is no provision of the cabinet system. It just exist due to the custom. It is not in written form in law.
The crown order to the prime Minster to formulate by the prime Minister on the advice of king.
Following are the feature of cabinet system
(i) Co-operation between Cabinet and Parliament
There is complete co-ordination between parliament and Cabinet. Because, Cabinet is formulate by the Prime minister who is the big leader of parliament. And all the members of cabinet are the minister of parliament. So with that the complete co-operation between these two institutions.
(ii) Leadership of PM
The Prime minster is the leader of the Cabinet because cabinet is formulated by him.
(ii) Exclusion of King form Cabinet
The king or Queen does not attend the meetings of the Cabinet. These are attended by the prerogatives .
Another feature of Cabinet in secrecy. The meeting of the Cabinet take as a secret and in a camera record which is not open in media.
(v) No legal status
The cabinet has no legal status in the British constitution. It is only the fruit of the conventions.
(vi) Ministerial Responsibility
The Cabinet members are responsible to the House of Common individually as well as collectively.
(vii) Collective Responsibility
The Cabinet members are collective responsible for every act of each other Cabinet stands or fall Together.
(viii) Unity of Cabinet
It is the big feature of cabinet because cabinet work as a unit.
Functions of Cabinet
Following are important functions of British Cabinet
(i) Executive Functions
Cabinet is the real executive
v Cabinet formulate general policies of Government.
v It determines the foreign policies of government.
v Cabinet determines the war and peace in UK
v All important appointment are made by Cabinet.
(ii) Legislative Functions
Cabinet has these legislative functions
v The parliament is summoned on the advise of Cabinet by king.
v The speech of king in parliament is prepared by cabinet.
v The Cabinet give the advice to king to dissolve the parliament before term or unmake any law The court obeys its legislation and no body or body of person can curtail or repealed its legislation.
Any bill passed by house of common became the law. Because the House of Lord can only retain the bill passed by house of common one year if non money and one month if money bill. After that the bill again pass in House of Common and directly sent to king for assent.
(iii) Financial Power
The House of Common has great financial power. It is the supreme power because all money bill firstly initiate in the house of common and if any bill passed by House of common send to house of lord for assent. It can only retain the bill for one month. After that re-passing by House of Common bill directly send to king for assent.
(iv) Executive Powers
British is the parliamentary form of Government. So, the cabinet is answerable of every act of Government to the House of common. The cabinet can only continuous its office until the confidence of House of Common.
To create coordination and provide guidance for functions of several departments of government is another function of British-Cabinet.
To conclude, it can be stated that history is repeating itself in Great Britain. Initially, Parliament became dominant over British Monarch by sharing powers with British Monarch. Later on, House of common became dominant over House of Lords by sharing powers with House of Lords within Parliament. And now British-Cabinet is becoming dominant over Parliament by sharing powers with Parliament.