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    Sunday, 22 February 2015

    Qualification and Dis-Qualification of MNA

    Introduction
    Pakistan has a Parliamentary form of Government. National Assembly is lower house of bicameral Parliament. Constitution of Pakistan provided some requirement for member of National Assembly. Constitution of Pakistan requires candidate to fulfill these qualification to become member of National Assembly.

    Relevant Provision
    Article 62, 63, 63A of 1973 Constitution of Pakistan deal with Qualification and Disqualification of Member of Parliament.


    Qualifications of the Member of Parliament; A-62

    Following are the Qualification of member of Majlis-e-Shoora (Parliament)

    1. Citizen of Pakistan; A-62(1)
    A candidate should be citizen of Pakistan.

    2. Age; A-62(b)
    The candidate should be not less than twenty five years of old.

    3. Good Character; A-62(d)
    A candidate should be of good character and is not commonly known as one, who violates Islamic Injunctions.

    4. Knowledge of Islamic Teachings; A-62(e)
    A candidate should have adequate knowledge of Islamic teachings, should practice those obligatory duties, which have been prescribed by Islam, and should abstain from major sins.

    5. Integrity of Country or Ideology of Pakistan; A-62(g)
    A candidate should not have worked against the integrity of country or should not have opposed ideology of Pakistan.

    6. Non-Muslims; A-62(2)
    The disqualification specified in paragraphs (d) and (e) shall not apply to a non Muslim candidate. For non-Muslim candidate, it is necessary that he/she should have good moral reputation.

    Dis-Qualifications of a Member of National Assembly

    Following are the disqualification of member of national assembly according to constitution of Pakistan 1973.

    1. Unsound Mind; A-63(1)(a)
    A person is disqualified from being elected or chosen as member of National Assembly and from being a member of National Assembly, if he/she is declared a person of unsound mind by a court of competent jurisdiction.

    2. Un discharged insolvent; A-63(1)(b)
    A person is disqualified from being elected or chosen as member of National Assembly and from being a member of National Assembly. If he is a un discharged insolvent.

    3. Not Citizen of Pakistan
    A person disqualified when he acquires citizenship of a foreign state.

    4. Office of Profit; A-63(1)(a)
    A person is disqualified from being elected or chosen as member of National Assembly and from being a member of National Assembly, if he/she holds an office of profit in the service of Pakistan other them an office, which is declared by law not to disqualify its holder.

    5. Service of any statutory body; A-63(1)(e)
    A person is disqualified from being elected or chosen as member of National Assembly and from being a member of National Assembly, if he is in the service of any statutory body or any body which is owned or controlled by the government.

    6. Conviction for moral offence; A-63(1)(h)
    A person is disqualified from being elected or chosen as a member of National Assembly and from being a member of National Assembly, if he has been convicted against involvement in any offence of moral offence.

    7. Dismissal or Removal from Services; A-63(1)(i) and A-63(1)(j)
    A person disqualified from being elected or chosen as member of National Assembly and from being a member of National Assembly, if he has been dismissed or removed or compulsorily retired from service of Pakistan or service of Federal, Provincial or Local Government.

    8. Loan
    A person is disqualified from being elected or chosen as member of National Assembly, if he has obtained loan of two million rupees or more from any bank, financial institution, cooperative society or cooperative body in his own name or in the name of his spouse or any of his dependents and the same remained unpaid for more than one year from the due date or the same has been written off.

    9. Default in payment of Government dues and utility expenses
    A person disqualified if he not paid government dues and utility expenses.

    Conclusion

    I say, I include that it can be stated that main purpose of elections of National Assembly is that duly elected representatives of masses should be brought to this lower house of Parliament. 
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    Item Reviewed: Qualification and Dis-Qualification of MNA Rating: 5 Reviewed By: Usman Ali
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