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    Tuesday, 31 October 2017

    Vice President, its Powers and Functions under Indian Constitution

    As we talked about in the past articles, the most noteworthy office in our nation is held by the President.

    The President of India holds initially rank in the official warrant of priority.

    Beside the President, the Vice President holds the second most elevated office of the country.

    This model takes after to the American model of Vice President.


    In this article we should talk about the election, qualification, promise and powers of the Vice President.

    Election of the Vice President of India

    Much the same as we talked about for the election of the President of India, the Vice President is likewise chosen by implication.

    I trust at this point the contrast between coordinate election and roundabout election is clear.

    The Vice President is chosen by a unique discretionary school whose individuals comprise of the individuals from both the Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha.

    In the election of the Vice President, both the chose and named individuals from the Parliament can take an interest while on account of President, just chose individuals from the Parliament could vote.
    The individuals from the state authoritative congregations don't take an interest in the election of the Vice-President however amid the Presidential elections, the individuals from the state administrative gatherings have the benefit to vote in favor of the President.

    To legitimize this distinction in the election techniques between the President and the Vice President, Dr BR Ambedkar contemplated that the President is the leader of the nation and his powers and capacities incorporate the organization of both the State Government and the Union Government.

    Accordingly it is essential for the individuals from the State assembly to have a say in his election separated from the individuals from the Parliament.

    However under typical conditions, the elements of the Vice President of the nation are restricted to managing the state committees.

    Accordingly it isn't essential for the individuals from the state assemblies to take an interest in his election.

    I might want to push that amid specific conditions, when the President is either incapacitated or missing and the workplace of the President is empty, at that point, the Vice President can be rung to take the obligations of the President which makes his election to be as essential as the Presidential elections.

    The procedure for the election of the Vice President and the President is for the most part comparable.

    Much the same as the Presidential elections, the election of the Vice President is additionally directed by the arrangement of corresponding portrayal and Single Transferable Vote.
    Voting is likewise led by a mystery tally.

    Qualifications of the Vice President of India

    For a man to be qualified to challenge the election of Vice President he should satisfy the accompanying qualifications:-

    1. The candidate should be a citizen of India.
    2. The candidate should be at least 35 years of age.
    3. The candidate should be qualified to be elected as a member of the Rajya Sabha.
    4. The candidate should not hold any office of profit under any State government or Central government or any other local authority or public authority.

    We realize that the President of the nation, Vice President of the nation, the Governor of the states and the priests of Central Government or State government are not permitted to hold any office of benefit.

    In this way the previously mentioned individuals are qualified for the Vice President election.
    Additionally, the candidature of a man for the Vice Presidential election ought to be bolstered by no less than 20 voters who propose his name and 20 different balloters who should second the proposition.

    In the event of the election of the President, the candidature of a man ought to be proposed by no less than 50 voters and 50 different voters should second this proposition.

    Much the same as the Presidential elections, each Vice President competitor needs to store Fifteen Thousand rupees in the Reserve Bank of India as a security store to weed out non genuine applicants.

    Oath of the Vice President of India

    Prior to the Vice President enters his office, he needs to take a pledge. In this vow, the Vice President swears the accompanying:-

    1. To be true faith and allegiance to the Indian Constitution
    2. To faithfully perform the duties of his office.

    The Oath is taken before, and regulated by either the President or a man who has been delegated by the President for his sake.

    Conditions of Office of the Vice President of India

    1. As per the Indian Constitution, the Vice President ought not be an individual from either House of the Parliament or State assembly.

    In the event that an individual from any of the above houses is chosen as the Vice President, at that point he is naturally considered to go out from the date on which takes up his obligations as Vice President

    2. President ought not hold any office of benefit

    Term of the Vice President of India

    The official term for a Vice President is 5 years from the day he begins his residency.

    He can leave from his obligations whenever by presenting his letter of renunciation to the President of the nation.

    The Vice President can likewise be expelled by a straightforward determination in the Rajya Sabha, which is passed by an outright lion's share.

    Such a determination must be affirmed by Lok Sabha.

    Before passing such a determination, a 14 days progress ahead of time should be given to the Vice President.

    However the reason for such an expulsion of the Vice President have not been said in the constitution.

    Powers and functions of the Vice President of India

    There are basically two elements of the Vice President which are

    1. The Vice President goes about as the director of Rajya Sabha.
    The powers of the Vice President as the director of the Rajya Sabha are like those of the speaker of Lok Sabha.

    This is like the American Vice President who is likewise the administrator of the Senate which is the Upper place of the American lawmaking body.

    2. The Vice President goes about as President at whatever point an opportunity happens because of the acquiescence, expulsion, demise or something else.

    The Vice President can just go about as the President for a greatest time of a half year from the day the opening was filled by him.

    Besides, the Vice President can likewise go about as President if the President can't play out his capacities and obligations because of nonappearance or sickness or some other reason.

    At the point when the Vice President is going about as the President of the nation, at that point he doesn't play out his capacities as the executive of Rajya Sabha.

    Amid this time, the Deputy Chairman of Rajya Sabha plays out the elements of the Chairman of Rajya Sabha.
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