Govt of India Act 1935 was a mixed reaction among the major Political parties after the failure of the 3rd round table conference with the passage of time, their resentment and bitterness increased. In such situation, major Indian parties demanded more participation in central Government. Consequently, British Parliament has to pass Govt of India Act in 1935. The bill was discussed in House of Commons for 43 days and 13 days in the House of Lord and finally, after sign of King it was enforced.
Silent Feature of Indian Act 1935
Follow are Silent Feature of Indian Act 1935
The Govt India Act 1935 was in written form which consisted of 14 Parts and 10 Schedules.
The Govt of India Act 1935 introduced the Provincial autonomy. All the Ministers were responsible to the legislature.
Method of direct elections was introduced one third Muslim representation in central legislature. 1/3rd Muslim representation in central legislature was guaranteed.
Separation of Burma and Adden
Burma and Adden were separated from India.
The Govt of India act 1935 also introduced the eleven Governor Provinces.
5 Chief Commissioner Provinces
Another important feature of the Govt of India Act 1935 was that it created 5 Chief commissioners Provinces.
The Govt of India Act 1935 provided a reasonable govt which had to be accountable for its acts.
Separate & Communal Electorates
Separate electorate was retained. However, its scope was enlarged by giving separate electorate to Anglo-Indians and Indo-Christians.
Without permission of Governor General, no finance bill could be placed in Federal Legislature. It was another defect of this act.
To conclude, it can be stated that provincial part of this act was introduced while its federal part was never introduced. Even both Muslim and Hindu political leadership criticized this act. However, reality is that Indian Independence Act and Government of India Act provided interim constitution for Pakistan after independence.