The Supreme Court is the highest court of Pakistan. It is considered final arbiter of legal and constitutional disputes. All decision of Supreme Court of Pakistan are binding on all the courts in Pakistan. The Principal seat of Supreme Court in Islamabad and Branch Registries in the provincial capitals of Lahore, Peshawar, Quetta and Karachi.
Article 175A, 176 to 191 of Constitution of Pakistan 1973.
Appointment of Judges of Supreme Court
The Chief Justice and other judges of Supreme Court appoint by President of Pakistan.
Qualification for Judges; A-177(2):
A person can be appointed a judge of Supreme Court if
- He is citizen of Pakistan
- He has been a High Court Judge for at least five years.
- He has been an advocate of a High Court for fifteen years.
Retiring Age; Article 179:
The retiring age of Judge of the Supreme court of Pakistan is 65 years.
Jurisdiction of Supreme Court
Following are the Jurisdiction of Supreme Court under Constitution of Pakistan 1973.
1. Original Jurisdiction
Supreme Court has original jurisdiction in any dispute between any two or more governments. Here Governments mean federal government and provincial governments. And , if Supreme Court considers that there is a question of public importance with reference to enforcement of any of fundamental rights conferred by Constitution of Pakistan. Supreme Court have right to power to make an order by exercising its original Jurisdiction.
2. Appellate Jurisdiction
Appellate jurisdiction of Supreme Court means jurisdiction to hear and determine appeals from judgments, decrees, final orders or sentences.
3. Advisory Jurisdiction
If President of Pakistan considers that it is desirable to obtain opinion of Supreme Court on any question of law, which he considers of public importance, he can refer such question to Supreme Court for consideration. And Supreme Court considers such question and report its opinion on such question to the President.
I say, I include that Supreme Court is a highest and apex court in Pakistan which establish under constitution of Pakistan. And Supreme court of Pakistan is independent organ.