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    Thursday, 12 February 2015

    Silent Feature Constitution of 1956


    Introduction
    Pakistan came into being 1947 after many sacrifices. After Independence of Pakistan, Pakistan has been governed the Govt of India Act 1935. Constitutional history of Pakistan is very unfortunate. However, first constitutional Assembly has been introduced Constitution of 1956 after long debates. Constitution of 1956 was enforced 23 March 1956. But unfortunately it was abrogated after two years.


    Silent Features of Constitution of 1956

    Following are Silent Features of Constitution of 1956

    Written Constitution
    Constitution of was a written and lengthy document. It had 234 Articles and 6 Schedules.

    Rigid Constitution
    The Constitution of 1956 was partly rigid and Party flexible. The method of Amendment was not difficult.

    Objective Resolution
    Objective Resolution was included as Preamble of Constitution of 1956.

    Name of Country
    Constitution of 1956 declared Pakistan as Islamic Republic of Pakistan.

    National Language
    Under constitution of 1956, Urdu and Bengali were made national Language.

    State Religion
    Islam was the state religion of Pakistan.

    Islamic Provisions
    Many Islamic Provisions was introduced in constitution of 1956 and decided that no law will be made which against the injunction of Islam.

    Fundamental Right
    Fundamental Rights were given to the people of Pakistan according to constitution of 1956.

    Rights of Minorities
    Rights of minorities were provided in the constitution of Pakistan 1956. Minorities freely perform own religion festivals.

    Uni- cameral Legislature
    Constitution of 1956 was provided uni-cameral legislature which was based on just national assembly.

    Federal System
    Federal system was introduced in the country under the constitution of 1956.

    Parliamentary Form of Govt
     Constitution of 1956 was introduced parliamentary form of Govt.

    Freedom of Judiciary
    Freedom of Judiciary was introduced in constitution of 1956. It was decided that supreme court would interpret the constitution.

    Direct Election
    In the Constitution of 1956 method of direct election was introduced.

    Single Citizenship
    There was only single citizenship in the constitution of 1956.

    Directive Principles of the State Policy
    The constitution laid down certain Directive principles of State policy for the Guidance of the Government. They would serve simply as ideals which the state should strive to achieve.

    Lengthy Constitution
    The constitution of 1956 was a lengthy one. The reason for its being lengthy was that the framer not only framed the fundamental principles but administrative details were also given.

    Conclusion

    To conclude, it can be stated that constitution history of Pakistan reveals  that there has been political conflict between head of state and head of government, and such political conflict has often led the country to political anarchy. And Constitution of Pakistan have been either abrogated or suspended in such political anarchy. As far as constitution of 1956 was concerned, it consisted of some positive characteristics, but such political anarchy caused its abrogation. 
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    Item Reviewed: Silent Feature Constitution of 1956 Rating: 5 Reviewed By: Usman Ali
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